Extinction of the de Crespigny baronetcy

The Champion de Crespigny baronetcy was created in 1805. The first baronet was Claude Champion de Crespigny (1734-1818), Receiver -General of the Droits of Admiralty and a director of the South Sea Company. The last, the eighth, was Sir Vivian Tyrell Champion de Crespigny, who died in 1952. With his death the baronetcy became extinct.

There were no eligible heirs among the Australian de Crespignys. As my great grandfather Trent de Crespigny explained to the press, the Australian branch of the family belonged to a collateral line and the title could not pass sideways.

Baronetcy extinct

BARONETCY EXTINCT (1952, March 7). News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129870063


The second baronet was William (1765-1829), only son of Claude and his wife Mary (1749-1812).

William’s oldest son Augustus (1791-1825) died in Jamaica before he could inherit, but he had married and had children, and his son Claude (1818-1868) succeeded to the baronetcy when his grandfather died.

The fourth baronet, also called Claude (1847-1935), was a well known sportsman and much written up in the newspapers. He had five sons, all also called Claude.

Screen Shot 2017-10-10 at 2.19.59 pmude and his five sons

Sir Claude and his five sons pictured in the Black and White Budget of 19 May 1901


The fourth baronet’s second son Claude Raul (1878-1941) became the fifth baronet. Claude Raul had no children; his brother Claude Vierville had a daughter but there were no other children from the five Claudes.

On the death of the fifth baronet in 1941, the title passed to his cousin, Henry
Champion de Crespigny (1882-1946), son of Philip Augustus Champion de Crespigny (1850-1912). Philip was the younger brother of the 4th baronet, second son of the third baronet. Henry died unmarried.

On the death of the sixth baronet in 1946 the title passed to Henry’s brother, Frederick Philip (1884-1947), who became the 7th baronet. Frederick died without issue and the title passed to his nephew Vivian.

Vivian Champion de Crespigny was born in 1907 in Kent, England. He was the son of Tyrell Other William Champion de Crespigny (1859-1946). Tyrell was the third son of the third baronet.

On the death of Vivian there were no male descendants of the first baronet who could inherit the title. All men surnamed Champion de Crespigny descend from Philip Champion de Crespigny (1738-103), brother of the first baronet.

de Crespigny baronets male descent

Family tree showing the male line of descent from Claude Champion de Crespigny (1734-1818) the 1st baronet

Related posts

The will of Mary Feillet née Champion

Marie Champion was the third child of Claude Champion de Crespigny (1620-1695) and his wife Marie de Vierville (1628-1708).

Marie was born in about 1655 in France and came with the rest of her family to England after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.

On 13 May 1698 she married Jacques Feillet at the French Protestant Hungerford Chapel, Hungerford Market at Charing Cross on the Strand, London. Jacques or James died in about 1728, his will dated 1726 left everything to his wife Marie.

Mary Feillet made her will on 17 April 1736. She died not long after and the will was proved at London on 7 June 1736. She named her brother, sisters, nephews, and cousins in the will. 

Mary Feillet will 1st page

Mary Feillet will 2

Prerogative Court of Canterbury PROB 11/677 Mary Feillet Place of Abode St James, Middlesex Date of Probate 7th June 1736 Date of Will 17th April 1736

Translated out of ffrench

In the Name of God Amen
I the underwritten Mary ffeillet widow of the Parish of
Saint James in the County of Middlesex being by the Grace of
God of sound Body and mind have made my Will as followeth –
ffirst I recommend my Soul to God through the Meritts of Jesus
Christ my Saviour and dispose of my Worldly Goods in manner
following I give to my Brother Peter Champion Crespigny the
???? during his life of the Estate which shall remain to me
after my decease And after my death I give the property thereof
to my two nephews Philip and Claude Champion de Crespigny to
be divided between them Share and Share alike Excepting One
hundred pounds Sterling which I give by way of ??? to my
Nephew Philip The rest shall be equally divided between them with
the following Conditions when my said Nephews shall enter
into Possession of my Estate after the death of my Brother they

shall pay three months after the Legacys hereafter Specified I give to
my Sister Margaret Debordes the Sum of ffifty pounds Sterling Item I
give to my sister Jane Lamberti the life Sum of ffifty pounds Sterling
Item I give to my Niece Allix the life Sum of ffifty pounds sterling
Item I give the sum of twenty ffive pound sterling to ffrances Goslin
Item I give the sum of twenty ffive pounds Sterling to my Cousins de
Pierrepont to be equally divided among them Item I give ffive pounds
Sterling to Thomas Goyer and a life sum of ffive pounds Sterling
to Mary Goyer his Daughter Item I also give a life sum of ffive
pounds sterling to the Daughter of Thomas Gofroy Item I give ten
pounds Sterling to Mrs Pierre Item I give ffive pounds Sterling
to the Poor of the Church of La Patente Item I give my late first
husband ??? Goslin’s Picture set with Diamonds to my Nephew
Philip upon Condition that it shall be preserved in his family so
without taking the Diamonds of And if he dyes without Children
I desire it may go to his Brother Claude upon the same Condition
Item I give to my said Nephew Philip my Diamond ring and
my Pearl Necklace To my Niece Susanna de Crespigny his
Daughter and I Declare and Constitute my said Nephews Executors
of this my Will revealing all those with I may have heretofore made
and my ???? is that the payment of the Legacys here above
shall be putt off till after the death of my said Brother Done in
London this 17 April 1736. Approved of the Obliteration of the
Two words ???? – Mary Feillet – Signed sealed and ???
in the presence of the Witnesses ??? – Emmanuel la Tour
Saml Granopre

faithfully translated out of ffrench London the
first day of June 1736. Which I attest Pet. St Eloy
Notary Publ.

This Will was proved a London before the Worshipful
John Andrew Doctor of Laws Surrogate of the Right
Worshipfull John ??? Doctor of Laws Master Keeper
Commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury lawfully ???
constituted the Seventh day of June in the year of our Lord one
thousand Seven hundred and thirty six by the Oaths of Philip
Champion de Crespigny and Claude Champion de Crespigny the
Executors in the said Will named to whom Administration was
granted of all and singular the Goods Chattells and Credits of the
said deceased being first Sworn duly to Administer.

Citizenship Day 17 September

Australian Citizenship Day is celebrated on 17 September.
Remembering my grandparents who were very pleased to become Australian citizens.

Anne's Family History

Every 17 September, Australia celebrates Citizenship Day. The commemoration was instituted in 2001, with this date because it is the anniversary of the renaming of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 to the Australian Citizenship Act 1948.

In January 1955 my grandfather, Hans Boltz, on behalf of the Good Neighbour Council, attended the sixth Australian Citizenship Convention. The Good Neighbour Movement was established by the Australian government in 1949 to help migrants settle into the Australian way of life. Volunteers welcomed migrants into the local community, introduced them to schools, health centres, banks and shops, and gave advice on learning English.

CANBERRA DELEGATES TO CONVENTION. (1955, January 28). The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 – 1995), p. 2. Retrieved September 15, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91202771. Hans Boltz is in the front row at the right.

The sixth Australian Citizenship Convention was held in Canberra at the Albert…

View original post 324 more words

Fathers’ Day: first Sunday in September in Australia

Happy Father’s Day to all the past and present fathers in my family tree

On 10 December 1913, the ‘Adelaide Advertiser’, reporting the creation of the special day in the United States, took a rather scornful tone, joking that having lost their status as head of the household fathers would resent the new attention and decline to wear a rose. They would be very adequately identified as fathers anyway by being obliged to pay family income tax.

Anne's Family History

The first mention of Father’s Day in the Australian press seems to be nearly a hundred years ago in  a mention in the Adelaide Register of 10 December 1913 based on a search of the National Library of Australia’s Trove newspaper database using the keywords “Fathers day” and “first Sunday”.

It is a very bah humbug approach buried on page 12 and referencing the new creation of the United States and quoting the New York Post:

FATHER’S DAY. (1913, December 10). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 – 1929), p. 12. Retrieved August 31, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article57131432

There is a slightly earlier article along the same lines in the Sunday Times (Sydney, NSW : 1895 – 1930) Sunday 7 December 1913 on page 8.

The next article coming up on my search of Trove is from The Daily News of Perth in November 1922:

CONGREGATIONAL. (1922, November…

View original post 433 more words

The marriages of Anne Champion Crespigny (1739-1797)

Lady Ann de Crespigny, portrait by Katherine Read

Anne Champion de Crespigny (1739-1797) sister of Sir Claude Champion de Crespigny, portrait by Katherine Read (1723-1788). Image retrieved from Neil Jeffares, “Katherine Read”, Dictionary of pastellists before 1800, London, 2006; online edition [http://www.pastellists.com/articles/read.pdf], accessed 2 September 2017. (reference J.612.171) . Original reproduction in “Painting and Sculpture” 1927 a catalogue for a sale https://archive.org/stream/paintingssculptu00ande#page/94/

Every Friday the genealogy website FindMyPast lists records newly added to its collection. On 1 September they added several volumes of English marriage licences.

Surrey marriage licences title

Commissary Court of Surrey Marriage Licences 1673-1770 , title page

In the Commissary Court of Surrey Marriage Licences 1673-1770 I was pleased to find a record, dated 19 April 1765, which gives licence details for my 6th great aunt, Anne Champion Crespigny.

Anne was the sixth of seven children of Philip Champion de Crespigny (1704-1765) and his wife Anne née Fonnereau (1704-1782). She was born 10 October 1739 and was baptised 30 October 1739 at the Church of St Benet’s, Paul’s Wharf, London. Anne’s father Philip died 11 February 1765. He had had a successful career as a lawyer including holding the position of Marshall of the Court of Admiralty.

The Commissary Court of Surrey Marriage Licences lists Anne as a spinster of Camberwell, 21, licensed to marry Bonouvrier Glover of Camberwell, abode 4 weeks, Esq. signs, bachelor 21. Claud Crespigny, surrogate. (page 547).

marriage Anne C de C 1765

The surrogate named on the licence could have been Anne’s uncle Claude (1706-1782) or her older brother Claude (1734-1818). A surrogate can take the affidavits sworn by the applicants when applying for the licence. (see paragraph 802 of http://www.oxford.anglican.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/marriage_in_the_church_of_england.pdf)

The index of licences says she was 21 but actually she was 26 and thus of full age, that is over 21. Bonouvrier was also 26. He had apparently only recently moved to Camberwell.

Bonouvrier Glover, the son of Richard and Hannah,  was born 22 November 1739 and baptised 18 December 1739 at St Lawrence Pountney, London. Richard Glover was noted poet and also a parliamentarian. Bonouvrier’s younger brother, Richard Glover (1750-1822), also was a parliamentarian. In 1756 Bonouvrier’s father, Richard Glover senior, sued his wife for divorce. At this time divorce was very rare. The divorce of Richard Glover was the only divorce in 1756 and one of only sixteen in the decade 1751-1760. (Great Britain. Parliament. An act to dissolve the marriage of Richard Glover, with Hannah Nunn his now Wife, and to enable him to marry again; and for other Purposes therein mentioned. S.n., [1755]. Eighteenth Century Collections Online, tinyurl.galegroup.com/tinyurl/5A8RA2. Accessed 1 Sept. 2017. Victorian Divorce by Allen Horstmen page 16 retrieved from Google Books)

At the time of his marriage to Anne, Bonouvrier Glover was a naval officer with the rank of Commander. On 20 June 1765, two weeks after his marriage, he was promoted to Captain. Some years later, in 1778, he commanded the Janus, a newly commissioned 44 gun Roebuck class warship. In 1780 he became ill and died of natural causes on 20 March during a fight with the French off Monte Christi on San Domingo in the West Indies.  (http://morethannelson.com/officer/bonovier-glover/)


The Argo, a sister ship of the Janus, as flagship at Gibraltar 1799. Image from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roebuck-class_ship

On 3 March 1783 at St George’s Hanover Square, London, Anne married James Gladell (1746-1819), nephew of Francis Vernon, 1st Earl of Shipbrook. Witnesses to the marriage were

  • Anne’s brother Claude Champion de Crespigny (1734-1818),
  • Claude’s wife and Anne’s sister-in-law, Mary Crespigny (1747-1812),  and
  • Henry Reveley (1737-1798), husband of Anne’s sister Jane (1742-1829). (index to marriage retrieved through the genealogist.co.uk)

James Gladell’s uncle Lord Shipbrook died in October 1783 and James Gladell received an inheritance in the will, written 29 May 1781 and probated 7 November 1783. (Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills PROB11/1110)

London Gazette 1784 May 4

The London Gazette Publication date: 4 May 1784 Issue:12540 Page:1 retrieved from https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/12540/page/1/data.htm


In May 1784, after his uncle’s death, James Gladell changed his surname to Vernon.

In 1788 James and his wife Anne were involved in an insurance case in 1788 (Description: Insured: James Gladell Vernon, Esq. and Ann Gladell Vernon, his wife, Hereford Street, Oxford Street and James Mansfield Chadwick, Piccadilly, Esq. Other property or occupiers: Finch Lane, Cornhill (Seagood and Collins, printers) Date: 24 June 1788 Reference: MS 11936/353/545158 Held by the London Metropolitan Archives)

Anne died 2 June 1797.

Died:  Friday, Mrs. Vernon, wife of James Gladell Vernon, Esq. of Hereford-Street. (“News.” St. James’s Chronicle or the British Evening Post, June 3, 1797 – June 6, 1797. 17th and 18th Century Burney Collection, tinyurl.galegroup.com/tinyurl/5A77y2. Accessed 1 Sept. 2017.)

Anne had no children. James Gladell Vernon married again in 1802. He died in 1819.

N is for New Guinea

Remembering Peter on the anniversary of the Battle of Milne Bay

Anne's Family History

In World War 2 both my father-in-law and my grandfather served in New Guinea .

On 17 April 1942 Ernest (Peter) Young (1920 – 1988) was living in East St Kilda when he enlisted in the Second Australian Imperial Force (AIF). He gave his age incorrectly  as 23 years and his date of birth, correctly, as July 8th 1920, but there is no correction or annotation on the Attestation form about the discrepancy. He gave his name as Peter, by which name he was always known. In January 1945 he signed a statutory declaration to correct his name to his baptismal name of Ernest.

Peter was first in camp at Caulfield then a few days later he was transferred to Watsonia.  He was assigned to the 37th Battalion.In October 1942 he was assigned to the 2/4 Dock Operating Company and then in April 1943 he transferred to the…

View original post 528 more words

Arrival of the Morley family in 1853

My husband’s great grandfather John Morley (1823-1888), John’s wife Eliza née Sinden (1823-1908) and their two children, Elizabeth aged 3 and William aged 1 emigrated to Australia in 1853, arriving in Melbourne on the ‘Ida‘ on 12 July.

Ida arrival 1

Ida arrival 2

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. (1853, July 14). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1957), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4794495

Five years before, on 17 September 1848, John Morley, then 25, had married Eliza, also 25 years old, at Hurstpierpoint in Sussex.

John Morley was a railway labourer. In 1851, he and Eliza and their one year old daughter Elizabeth were living at 97 Railway Terrace, Keymer, a couple of miles from Hurstpierpoint. Keymer Junction, which had opened four years before, was an important railway junction on the East Coastway Line to Lewes and the Brighton main line.

In 1854, a year after the Morley’s arrival in Victoria, they were living in Collingwood, a suburb of Melbourne. On 10 March, little Elizabeth Morley died, a few months before her fifth birthday, of tabes messenterica, tuberculosis of the abdominal lymph glands. This disease, rare now with pasteurisation, is an illness of children, caused by infected cows milk.


In the first annual report covering deaths to 1854, the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages of the Colony of Victoria listed tabes mesenterica as one of the diseases of the digestive organs. Deaths from diseases of the digestive organs, including tabes mesenterica, teething and enteritis, chiefly deaths of children, constituted about seven percent of total deaths for that year.

The Report paints a picture of Melbourne and the goldfields struggling with the challenges of the rapid increases in population. Victoria’s population trebled from 1851 to 1854. 78,000 arrived in the year 1853-54, the Morley family among them.


REGISTRAR GENERAL’S REPORT. (1855, September 7). The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 – 1954), p. 6. Retrieved August 22, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154891906

Population of Victoria in the 1850s

Population for Victoria estimated at 31 December each year from Geoffrey Searle, The Golden Age: A History of the colony of Victoria 1851 -1861, Melbourne University Press, 1977, (Appendix 1 Page 382) reproduced at http://education.sovereignhill.com.au/media/uploads/VICTORIAN_POPULATION.pdf


John and Eliza Morley had eight children, only three survived childhood to become adults.


Further reading and sources

A Quiet Life: Gordon Mainwaring (1817-1872)

This week’s Sepia Saturday theme is inspired by the theories of the Danish author Herman Bang (1857 – 1912), one of the leaders of the “quiet existences” literary movement, which sought to give more attention to “ignored people living boring and apparently unimportant lives”. One of my forebears, known in the family as the remittance man – the term meaning an emigrant, banished to a distant British possession to live on money sent from home – seems a suitable candidate.

Our ‘remittance man’ was my 3rd great grandfather Gordon Mainwaring (1817 – 1872) who arrived in the colony of South Australia in 1840.

Screen Shot 2017-08-11 at 12.22.38 pm

Photograph of Gordon Mainwaring from Cavenagh-Mainwaring, Christine ” Whitmore Hall : from 1066 to Waltzing Matilda”. Adelaide Peacock Publications, 2013. page 103.

As the third son of Rowland Mainwaring (1783 – 1862), Gordon Mainwaring was not expected to inherit the family estate, ‘Whitmore’ in Staffordshire.

But it appears that he was thought to need a career, and from 1832 to 1834 Mainwaring was enrolled as cadet at Addiscombe in Surrey, a military seminary for the British East India Company. In 1835 he joined the 53rd Bengal Native Infantry Company of the Honourable East India Company Service.

Mainwaring resigned his commission in 1839 after less than five years. In 1840 he left Calcutta and sailed for Adelaide, arriving in South Australia as a passenger on the Eamont on 9 April 1840, less than four years after the proclamation of the new colony.

Three years later, in 1843, Mainwaring married Mary Hickey (1819-1890), who in 1840 had emigrated to South Australia on the Birman from Cork in Ireland with her sister and brother and her brother’s wife and small child. (Her brother died on the voyage out and her sister-in-law seems to have returned to Ireland.)

Gordon and Mary had seven children:

  • Ellen (1845 – 1920)
  • Emily (1848 – 1863)
  • Charles Henry (1850 – 1889)
  • Alice (1852 – 1878)
  • Walter Coyney (1855 – 1888)
  • Julia (1857 – 1935)
  • Frederick Rowland (1859 – 1891)

In 1925 the Adelaide Register published extracts from a diary that Mainwaring kept in 1851. By that time he had become a farmer, with a small property at Gilles Plains, 15 kilometers north of Adelaide.

The 1851 diary records the Mainwaring family’s visit to Mary’s sister. A.T. Saunders, a South Australian historian, who annotated the diary in 1925 explains that Mary’s sister Julia (1817-1884) was married to William Morris, the head keeper of the lunatic asylum.

Mainwaring’s diary gives us a glimpse of Gordon’s quiet life in 1851. He chopped wood for sale, grew vegetables and fruit, helped his wife with the housework and socialised locally. I find Gordon’s record of his quiet life interesting and no less important than any other life.

Mainwaring 1851 diary a

Diary of 1851 published by the Adelaide “Register” 23 March 1925. Introduction and month of January.

Mainwaring 1851 diary b

February and March 1851. On 24 February Gordon Mainwaring, his wife Mary and the children visited Mary’s sister, Mrs Morris, wife of William Morris, then head keeper of the lunatic asylum.

Mainwaring 1851 diary c

March to May. Selling firewood through Mr Kerr.

Mainwaring dairy 1851 d


Mainwaring diary 1851 e

Related post

Back up and export

If you’ve been using a computer in your family history research BACK UP YOUR FILES NOW. Just do it. Stop reading this blog and backup your computer. Then we can continue.

Done it? Good. Feeling a bit more disaster-proof?

Well you’re not quite there yet, because if you’re using proprietary genealogical software there’s another catastrophe that you’re also going to have to prepare for. What are you going to do when to the company that made your software goes bust? You won’t be getting any more support for what you’ve bought, and there won’t be any more updates and bug fixes and new versions with new features. The time will come when your old software won’t even run on newer operating systems. You’ll be stuck in the past, and this won’t be a comfortable place to find yourself, even for a genealogist.

To prepare for this you’re going to have to practice, or at least get acquainted, with the task of exporting files to a neutral, non-proprietary format, then importing the data back into a genealogy program.

What’s a ‘neutral etc etc’ format? ‘Plain text’, is the answer, ‘with a bit of marked-up structure to it’. The idea is that you dump out all your data into a plain text file. That file can then be imported, if necessary, into some other genealogy program.

The most common structured plain-text format is GEDCOM (Genealogical Data Communication), which is (allegedly) compatible with every genealogy program ever devised. If you export your data as a GEDCOM you’ll be able to import it into other programs and into some websites. GEDCOM won’t do images, though. You’ll have to save them separately and import them by hand.

Another, more up-to-date and more reliable plain-text format is XML. You can dump Blogger and WordPress sites as XML and import the data into a different site or different software. This is what I used to transfer from Blogger to WordPress.

Don’t worry about the technicalities. Just remember that genealogy programs always have—or should have—an ‘export’ facility. Find it and give it a go, or anyway, read the documentation to see what it will do, or is meant to do.

If you’re running a blog, think about having it included in an online archive of some kind. Have a look at PANDORA, for example, at pandora.nla.gov.au. It’s run by the National Library of Australia, and—a nice bonus—PANDORA-archived blogs are searched by the Library’s Trove system. If you’re Australian, PANDORA might be willing to archive your blog. They do mine.

Screenshots showing where the links are for exporting on ancestry dot com, Blogger and WordPress:

Ancestry tree find settings

Find and choose “tree settings” from the pull down menu in the top left hand corner when viewing your ancestry dot com tree

Ancestry settings export screenshot

On the settings screen of your ancestry dot com tree choose “export tree” to generate a GEDCOM file

Blogger export

In Blogger choose “Settings” then “Other” then click on “Back up content”. This will generate an XML file. I used this XML file to transfer my blog to WordPress. You can import content into Blogger from an XML file by choosing “Import content”.

Wordpress find settings

Finding the Settings option on the General screen in WordPress

WordPress Settings scroll down for import and export

You will need to scroll down to view the import and export options. You can import an XML file. When you export an XML file is generated. You can save the export as a backup of your website.

Moving to WordPress

In December 2014 I had a company called Blog2Print create a bound-book version of my blog archive of 116 posts from April 2012 to November 2014.

pages from the first volume of my bound-book version of my blog archive

It came to 363 pages. I’ve now arranged for a second volume to be printed – 143 posts, 424 pages – to cover the period from January 2015 to July 2017.

I like having a paper record of what I have written. For some reason, electronic files seem impermanent. Paper is meant to last.

Having printed off the blog, I felt it was time to think about its future. Blogger, which I’ve been using until now, is OK, but I have decided to transfer to a better system, WordPress.com.

I looked at WordPress.org, the community-support, open-source, version, but with the commercial product, WordPress.com, I don’t have to think about the cost and effort of setting up a domain name and installing and maintaining the blogging software. That’s part of the WordPress.com package. I do need to pay a small amount to keep the site free of advertising.

I was able to export all the content of my old blog to my new WordPress site. I won’t be editing previous posts but I am creating indexes, arranged into family categories. I think this will help to make more sense of what I have written so far. It will also help me to see gaps in my family history I might be able to fill in future blog posts.

I am looking forward to doing more research and writing about our family history. The Blogger site will remain where it is indefinitely, but from today new posts will be published at ayfamilyhistory.com.