Champions from Normandy

Announcing the publication of Champions from Normandy: An essay on the early history of the Champion de Crespigny family 1350-1800 AD by Rafe de Crespigny.

The Champion de Crespigny family of Normandy were Huguenot refugees who settled in England following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. This is the story of a long-lived but essentially minor family in France, just within the fringes of the gentry, whose lineage can be traced in the male line back to the mid-fourteenth century, who prospered from their Huguenot connection but acquired their greatest good fortune when they were forced into exile in England.

Champions from Normandy 2017 :PDF version available for download

Champions from Normandy at DropboxA PDF version of Champions from Normandy can be downloaded from Dropbox

Cover of the PDF version of Champions from Normandy


  • 9780648191704 (hardback) Deposit copy held by the National Library of Australia
  • 9780648191728 (paperback)
  • 9780648191711 (ebook) Can be downloaded through this link: Champions from Normandy 2017

Libraries Australia ID 61026835

Fishing for the right word

This week’s Sepia Saturday prompt image is of a small boy with a fish. I invited my husband Greg to write an entry for my online research journal.

Sepia Saturday 397 fish

Our Sepia Saturday theme image this week features a small boy and a large fish. The identity of the boy is unknown (and, come to think of it, the precise identity of the fish is also unknown) but the photograph was seemingly taken at the Bon Echo Inn, in the Bon Echo Provincial Park, Ontario, Canada. The photograph forms part of the Flickr Commons Stream of the Cloyne & District Historical Society.


In Australian country towns you used to know your place. We were Upper Lower Middle Class (somewhere, perhaps, on George Orwell‘s mocking scale), which meant for one thing that although Dad worked as a labourer on the railways—transhipping goods from five-foot-three inch gauge Victorian trains to four-foot-eight-and-a-half NSW trains and vice versa—his wages reached Mum on Friday night untaxed by the six-o’clock swill at Ryan’s Hotel. It helped to be Protestant too. We looked down on the Irish Catholic kids next door, whose father, a plasterer’s labourer, weaved from side to side on his way home along Macauley Street.

That made them Lower Lower Middle class, the necessary foundation of our superior status. But when their old man got a skinful of Victoria Bitter and sang Roll out the barrel‘ with his mates in their backyard, they got indulged by their parents, at least at the maudlin sentimental stage of the booze-up, while we could only peer through the paling fence in jealous disapproval.

This principle also applied to the way we spoke. Rough kids had a richer and freer vocabulary, but we knew how to employ the second-person plural personal pronoun correctly and that to use the wrong form marked you as an ignoramus, destined for an early exit from schooling followed by a dismal apprenticeship in panel-beating or something of the sort.

One day my brother and I, fishing in the river, began talking to a boy—we were about 10 or 12 years old—whose smart rod and reel but shabby clothes and worn shoes marked him as the usual product of poverty: combined parental indulgence and neglect. When he got a bite and missed he damned the uncooperative fish as a ‘bloody black Assyrian bastard’.

We were profoundly shocked and delighted. Here was a phrase crying out for use and re-use. It had alliteration, rhythm, a racial slur, and two powerful swearwords fore and aft. The ‘Assyrian‘ bit was a puzzle, but it seemed to imply contempt for foreigners, a good thing, and it sounded Biblical too, so as a bonus it was probably also sacrilegious.

I am grateful to that Lower Lower boy for introducing me to his splendid incantation. Over the years I have found it very useful for opening screw-top jars and starting small petrol engines.

Cricket at the Adelaide Oval

My cousin has been watching the cricket test between England and Australia at the Adelaide Oval over the last few days. It reminded me of an anecdote about our great grandmother Kathleen Cudmore née Cavenagh-Mainwaring (1874-1951).

Our Cudmore great grandparents lived at Pennington Terrace, Adelaide, very close to the oval.

The Cudmore family at 64 Pennington Terrace, Adelaide

My great grandparents’ house on Pennington Terrace

Map showing 64 Pennington Terrace

Map showing 64 Pennington Terrace and the Adelaide Oval


My grandmother told me that when the infamous “bodyline” test was being played, her mother was about to leave the house but turned around, bolted the shutters and locked the doors because from the loud and violent roar of the crowd she was afraid there might be a riot.

1933 cricket crowd

A huge crowd — 50,962 — turn out at Adelaide Oval on January 14, 1933, for the Test match between Australia and England, during the Bodyline war. From The Advertiser 26 November 2017 The Remarkable History of the Adelaide Oval

Bodyline bowling was used by the English cricket team against the Australians in their tour in the summer of 1932-1933, 85 years ago. At that time the Australian cricketer Donald Bradman was hugely successful with a batting average at the time which was twice that of all other world-class batsmen. The English decided to bowl at the body of the batsman in the hope that it would limit the ability to score runs and that when the batsman defended himself with his bat, the deflected ball could be caught by one of several fielders standing close by.

The third test match of the series between England and Australia in 1932-33 was played at the Adelaide Oval from 13 to 19 January 1933. England won but their bodyline bowling was highly criticised. On the second day of the test the crowd watching was over 50,000, a record sized crowd. A ball bowled by Harold Larwood struck Bill Woodfull over his heart. Play was halted and the English team used the opportunity to move their fielders into position to maximise the effects of bodyline bowling. The spectators became angry. It was probably this that caused my great grandmother to return indoors and secure her house.

News Bodyline 16 Jan 1933

(1933, January 16). News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 – 1954), p. 1. Retrieved December 5, 2017, from



When I was a young girl, watching cricket at the oval with my grandmother and step-grandfather was a summer tradition. I remember seeing Lillee and Thommo bowl. They were fast bowlers with very long run-ups. They were said at the time to be “the fastest pair [of bowlers] ever to have coincided in a cricket team”.  A cartoon at the time of the 1974-75 Ashes tests was captioned “Ashes to Ashes, dust to dust, if Thomson don’t get ya, Lillee must.” I was also a great fan of the wicket keeping of Rod Marsh.

For me though, watching cricket was spoiled forever afterwards by the directive that the Australian captain Greg Chappell gave to his brother Trevor Chappell to bowl underarm in a game against New Zealand in 1981. The New Zealanders needed to hit a six off the final ball to tie the game. Bowling a mullygrubber was extraordinarily unsportsmanlike. I remember watching the incident with my maternal grandfather in his kitchen. The crowd at the time booed the Australian team from the field.


Other posts about my great grandmother


My cousin at Eureka

I have a cousin who fought at the battle of Eureka stockade. The Eureka rebellion is considered by some historians to be the birthplace of Australian democracy. It is the only Australian example of armed rebellion leading to reform of unfair laws.

On 3 December 1854 soldiers and police stormed a stockade erected by miners at the Eureka lead, Ballarat.

One of the mounted police was Samuel Stackpoole Furnell (1823-1880), my second cousin five times removed.

Samuel Furnell was born in Limerick, Ireland on 22 January 1823. He was the son of Samuel Furnell and Mary nee Cudmore.

In November 1852 Mr S. S. Furnell arrived in Melbourne, Victoria as a passenger on the Delagny, which had left London on 30 July. He had briefly served as a private in the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards from October 1850 to March 1851. At the time of his arrival he was 29 years old.

Shortly after this Samuel Furnell enlisted as a police cadet. The list of unclaimed letters at Melbourne Post Office for 31 December 1852 published in the Government Gazette of 26 January 1853 includes a letter for Samuel S Furnell Police Cadet.

In 1853, Samuel Furnell served as a policeman on the Beechworth goldfields. In July he was reported as being a sub-inspector at Spring Creek near Beechworth. In August sub-inspector Furnell was reported to be hunting for bushrangers between Spring Creek and the New South Wales border.

Mounted police 1853

“Mounted police, gold escort guard / sketched on the spot” by S.T. Gill 1853


I am not sure when he moved to Ballarat, but by November 1854 Sub-inspector Furnell was reported to have been on detective duty on the Ballarat diggings in November 1854. At that time the Catholic priest Father Patrick Smyth informed Sub-inspector Furnell, and through Furnell, the Gold Commissioner Robert Rede, that the Government Camp was in great danger of assault from disgruntled miners. Smyth knew Furnell from the Beechworth diggings.

Before dawn on 3 December 1854, 182 soldiers and 94 police were led by Gilbert Amos, Commissioner of the Eureka camp, to the stockade set up by the miners. The soldiers attacked at dawn. Samuel Furnell was one of four sub-inspectors in charge of the 70 mounted police.

Furnell and the mounted troopers were on the west of the stockade threatening the flank and the rear. The attack was made by the soldiers where the slope was the steepest. This plan, conceived by Captain Thomas (later Lieutenant General Sir John Wellesley Thomas, KCB ), was regarded as clever.

Samuel Hughye, clerk at the Government Camp, made a diagram of the battlefield.  The position of the mounted police can be seen to the right of the diagram.

Hughye battlefield map

It has been noted by the historian Peter Fitzsimons that there has been criticism of the role played by the mounted police in the Eureka battle. He states however the police were not soldiers and it was never intended that they should storm the stockade. Their task as described by Captain Thomas was to threaten the stockade’s flank and rear. Fitzsimons writes that in military parlance to threaten means to distract an enemy or to restrict his tactical options. It does not necessarily mean to charge into the fray. Fitzsimons also notes that the mounted troopers would have found it difficult, if not impossible, to cross the wall of slabs forming the stockade, particularly while the stockade was being defended.

After the battle, Samuel Furnell was called to give evidence and described capturing John Fenwick who was running away from the stockade. Although Fenwick was arrested he was not sent for trial. Furnell also described capturing Henry Reid who was sent to trial for High Treason.

In January 1855 Samuel Furnell gave evidence about the events of 30 November 1854:

Samuel S. Furnell, being sworn, said I am a Sub Inspector of Police. I recollect the 30th of November. I was on duty. I went down after the police had been assaulted, with another party, to aid them. I found the police drawn up in the road, and from 500 to 1000 people drawn up in front of them. Some stones were being thrown at the police. Captain Carter accompanied me with foot police. Captain Carter sent two men to ask a man for his license, one of them was struck down ; this was in presence of the crowd. The crowd showed approbation, I should fancy. I was present when the act was read. It was about half past eleven or twelve. The military had been called out. A shot was fired. Saw Campbell running away, with smoke around him. I rode after him, and took him. He had a revolver on him, of which one barrel had been fired off. I saw M’Intyre at the meeting after the riot act was read. I saw Bryant there, he was violent. He was there I believe.

Mr. Michie: Do not tell us, sir, what you believe. Is he the man ?

Witness continued: Well, I do not know. I will not swear he is the man. I decline speaking about Goddard.

In the trials for High Treason Samuel Furnell gave evidence of the capture of Jan Vennik and on another day spoke about being called a “Joe” and other bad terms. He stated he had been “Joe’d” for two or three years on the diggings and was now pretty well used to it.

By June 1855 Samuel Furnell was a sub-inspector at Castlemaine.

Furnell rose to the rank of Police Superintendent 1st class, in charge of the Geelong district.


Edmund Alexander Champion de Crespigny (1890 – 1905 or 1967?)

When reviewing records associated with the surname Champion de Crespigny, I came across records which I had not been able to associate with a member of the family. There were a number of twentieth century records that I could not link until I reviewed the United States naturalization records and from these I was able to assemble the family history. There was one small problem, the man who was the head of this family appears to have died in 1905 before he married.

Edmund Alexander Champion de Crespigny, youngest child of Philip Augustus Champion de Crespigny (1850-1912) and Annie Rose Charlotte Champion de Crespigny nee Key (1859-1935), was born 12 July 1890 and baptised at Bramshaw, Hampshire, England, on 14 October 1890.

At the time of the 1891 English census he was 8 months old and living at Round Hill, Bramshaw with his parents. His father was a retired Royal Navy officer. Edmund’s two brothers and sister were also at home as well as two adult cousins of his parents and three servants.

In 1901 he was at boarding school at Bramshaw.

There is a 1905 Irish death index record for a 14-year-old EAC de Crespigny who died at Ballycastle, Antrim. There is a memorial at Bramshaw, Wiltshire for him stating he was buried 30 May 1905 and that he was Edmund, son of Philip Augustus Champion de Crespigny and Rose Charlotte. He is not on the 1911 census. His mother, moreover, declares she gave birth to four children and one had died. The two brothers of Edmund and his sister were living in 1911, so the dead child was almost certainly Edmund.

On 30 December 1919 an Edmund Alexander Champion de Crespigny aged 29 (born 1890) married Elise Emma Richard at Lausanne, Switzerland. He stated he was the son of Philip Augustus Champion de Crespigny and Annie Rose Key and that he had been born at Lyndhurst. Lyndhurst is less than six miles from Bramshaw.

I have come across people who have assumed the surname Champion de Crespigny because it would appear they claimed to be an illegitimate child of a member of the family. This case seems to be different as the man has stated that his mother is the wife of Philip. He is claiming to be the son who had died in 1905.

This man continued to assume the identity though his first name evolved to Claude and his wife, Elise, was known as Lilette. I was only able to reconcile the records when reviewing his 1960 naturalization papers. What follows is the chronology of his life as told in records that have been digitised and can be found through genealogy websites, in particular through

In August 1920 Claude de Crespigny, engineer and director, arrived in Boston, Massachusetts, on the SS Canopic via Canada. He stated that he was born in London and his wife was Lillette. She had a Swiss address.

On 9 August 1922 Claude and Lilette had a child, Michelle Rosamonde Champion de Crespigny, born in Switzerland. She came to America in 1928. According to Michelle’s 1941 application for naturalization the family settled in Chicago.

In 1923 Claude Edward Alexander de Crespigny, mechanical engineer, living at Scranton Pennsylvania, declared his intention to apply for naturalization.

On 25 November 1927 Claude Edmund Alexander Champion de Crespigny applied for naturalization in Chicago. He stated he was born 12 July 1890 at White Lodge Lyndhurst. He was currently a typewriter salesman, living in Chicago. He had arrived on the SS Canopic in 1920. He had been living in Illinois since 1924. His wife was Lillette and they had married in Switzerland. She was currently living in Toronto. They had a daughter who was currently living in Switzerland. The application was denied by the court in December 1928 due to “want of prosecution; unable to obtain depositions”. It would seem Claude failed to follow through on his application.

At the time of the 1930 US census Claude, Lillette and Michelle were living at 1546 Farwell Avenue, Chicago. Claude was a typewriter salesman.

In December 1930 the Blue Island Suburban Star of Blue Island, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, reported that Professor Claude Campion de Crespigny (sic), a local resident, would talk on “Britain in India today”. Professor de Crespigny was a member of the faculty of Loyola University and had served with the British Legation in India. (As this was before 1947 when India gained independence, the term British Legation in India makes no sense.) I have found no evidence of a Professor de Crespigny at Loyola University and given that Claude was living in Chicago, Illinois, I believe this lecturer is Edmund Claude. There are a number of universities with that name including Loyola University, Chicago.

On 26 September 1935 Claude R Crespigny married Ruby V. King in Manhattan, New York.

When Claude’s wife Lilette applied for naturalization in 1944 she stated she and Claude had divorced in 1940.

In 1940 Claude and Lilette’s daughter Michelle was at school at Morgan Park High School, Chicago. I have not been able to locate any member of the family on the United States 1940 census.

In 1942 Claude was living at 14 East 54 Street New York when he registered for the draft as Claude Crespigny. He was 52 years old and stated he was born 12 July 1890 at Lyndhurst, England. A person who would always know his address was Fred W Peterson of same address. His employer was Fashion Center, Dechard, Tennessee and business was Travel for Dechard, Tennessee. On the reverse of the card it stated that Claude had a gunshot wound on his forehead and a bayonet wound on his right hand. He was 5’9″ tall with hazel eyes and brown hair.

In 1960 Claude again petitioned for naturalization. He was living at 414 Fannin, Houston Texas and was a hotel clerk. He had one daughter, Michelle, wife Ruby who had been born St Vincent British West Indies and that he had married in 1945 in New London, Connecticut, but since divorced. He stated his name had changed to Claude Edmund Crespigny but his full true and correct natural name was Edmund Alexander Champian de Crespigny (sic). He stated that he had arrived in America under the name Claude Emil de Crespigny.

Claude died 31 January 1967. The informant was Mrs Ella Roland. She stated his date of birth was 12 July 1890 and that he had been born in England. She did not know the names of his parents. She stated he was a US citizen, his occupation was hotel clerk of Houston Texas. His usual address was 811 Sul Ross appartment number 3 in Houston Texas. He had been living in Houston for 20 years. He died at Ben Taub General Hospital of hypotension due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding. There was an autospsy. His body was donated to medical research.

In 1947 Frederick Philip Champion de Crespigny died. Frederick was the older brother of Edmund and was also the seventh Champion de Crespigny baronet. Theoretically Edmund would have become the eighth baronet. The man known as Claude de Crespigny did not come forward. Not least, no doubt, because the family knew that Edmund had died in 1905 and would have exposed him as an imposter. The title of baronet passed to Frederick’s nephew, Vivian. On Vivian’s death the title became extinct.

Had the title passed to the man who had assumed the identity of Edmund, the title still would have become extinct as Edmund, later known as Claude, had no sons, only a daughter.

Michelle married in 1944 and died in 1998. She had at least one child.

de Crespigny baronets male descent Family tree showing the male line of descent from Claude Champion de Crespigny (1734-1818) the 1st baronet. The eight baronets are highlighted in yellow.

I do not know who Claude de Crespigny, the man who died in Texas in 1967, really was, nor what he gained out of assuming the identity of the son of Philip and Rose de Crespigny.

Related blog post

References – unless otherwise stated the references were retrieved through

  • Baptism record FHL Film Number:6343375
  • 1891 England census Class: RG12; Piece: 910; Folio 73; Page 15; GSU roll: 6096020.
  • 1901 England census Class: RG13; Piece: 1050; Folio: 80; Page: 9.
  • 1905 death of EAC de Crespigny aged 14 registered Ballycastle Antrim Apr-Jun 1905 vol 1 page 58 retrieved from index of Irish deaths 1864-1958 through
  • 1905 memorial at Bramshaw from Wiltshire Memorial index number 27214 retrieved through
  • 1911 England census Class: RG14; Piece: 5904; Schedule Number: 69
  • 1919 marriage from Great Britain, selected marriages FHL Film Number: 1494402 Reference ID: Bk #8, p. 13, no. 23
  • 1920 arrival Book Indexes to Boston Passenger Lists, 1899-1940 Roll Description: (065) Jan· 6, 1920-Oct· 17, 1920 and Canada, Ocean Arrivals (Form 30A), 1919-1924
  • 1923 naturalization declaration Illinois, Petitions for Naturalization, 1906-1991; NAI Number: 593882; Record Group Title: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685-2009; Record Group Number: RG 21
  • 1927 petition for naturalization Illinois, Petitions for Naturalization, 1906-1991; NAI Number: 593882; Record Group Title: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685-2009; Record Group Number: RG 21
  • 1928 naturalization application denied from US Naturalization records Roll Description: D-250 through D-320 Otto
  • 1930 census Census Place: Chicago, Cook, Illinois; Roll: 493; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 1861; FHL microfilm: 2340228
  • Article in Blue Island Suburban Star of 12 December 1930 retrieved through
  • 1935 marriage to Ruby King (Certificate 23578)
  • 1941 declaration of intention to apply for naturalization by Michelle Rosamonde de Crespigny Petitions for Naturalization, 1906 – 1991; NAI Number: 6756404; Record Group Title: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685-2009; Record Group Number: RG 21
  • 1944 naturalization for Lilette de Crespigny Illinois, Petitions for Naturalization, 1906-1991; NAI Number: 593882; Record Group Title: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685-2009; Record Group Number: RG 21
  • 1940 Morgan Park High School Year book
  • 1942 US World War II draft registration cards Records of the Selective Service System, 1926-1975; Record Group Number: 147 image 4129
  • 1960 petition for naturalization Petitions for Naturalization, 1907-09/30/1991; NAI Number: 571499; Record Group Title: Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685-2009; Record Group Number: 21
  • Texas Department of State Health Services; Austin Texas, USA; Texas Death Certificates, 1903–1982 certificate number 10095

Cecil Young and family: Cecil’s early life up to end World War I

Remembering Cecil Young and all the men who served in World War 1 including those who didn’t survive.

Cecil was only 17 1/2 when he enlisted.

Young Cecil from Noel Tunks_001

Cecil Young, photograph from Noel Tunks

Cecil (1898-1975) was my husband Greg’s grandfather

Anne's Family History

Cecil was the grandson of one of the earlier miners of the Avoca district.  He served in World War 1.

George Young, a miner, had arrived at the Lamplough Rush near Avoca in about 1859 with a wife and two young children.  A third child had been born and died at Beechworth.  John had been born in 1856 at Dunolly and Alice in January 1859 at White Hills near Maryborough.  Twins Charlotte and Harriet were born in July 1861 at Lamplough. Although the rush was moving on, perhaps the burden of four young children including new born twins persuaded George and his wife Caroline to settle.  George took up a small portion of land and continued to mine at Lamplough.  He and his wife had thirteen children.  She died in 1879 at the age of 43 leaving 8 children, the two youngest being one and three years old.  It…

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O is for Oma cooking from Dr Oetker’s "Backen Macht Freude"

Today I finally found my copy of “Backen Macht Freude!” (Baking makes Joy!). It once belonged to my grandmother. It is a well-worn book and the binding is held together with sticky tape. I couldn’t read the spine, so it was hard to find on my bookshelves. From the cover, it appears to be one of the original edition, first published in 1930. I can’t find Schwarzwalder kirschtorte in the index but I have noticed Frankfurter Kranz and Sachertorte as well as Obsttorte (fruit tart). “Backen Macht Freude!” is printed in Blackletter (Gothic) script, no longer commonly used.

Backen Macht Freude

“Backen Macht Freude” published 1930

Anne's Family History

I didn’t actually call my grandmother Charlotte Boltz née Manock (1912-1988) Oma, Grandma in German, when I was young. Although she was from Germany, to me she was just Grandma. However, my cousins called her Oma and my children know of her as Oma, distinguishing her from the many other Grandmas in the family.

My grandmother used to bake wonderful cakes, many of them from recipes in this book by the Dr Oetker company. I particularly remember her baking Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte, Black Forest cherry cake.

My mother’s copy of Dr Oetker’s cookbook Backen macht Freude, (Cooking with joy). It probably dates from the early 1950s. It cost DM1.80. The Deutschmark was introduced in 1948.
The recipe for Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte page 104. (click on image to enlarge)
The recipe continued on page 105.

The recipe calls for a biscuit base, then a sponge. The cherries are sour cherries.

View original post 284 more words

DNA Painter – a new tool

DNA Painter ( is a tool for showing what segments of your chromosomes you inherited from which ancestors. I tried the tool after looking at a video introduction to DNA Painter by Blaine Bettinger, a genetic genealogist.

I obtained the segment data from and mapped five of the cousins of my husband Greg. As we know how they are related and the DNA they share, we can see which segments Greg and his cousins inherited from their common ancestors.

DNAPainter Greg 2 Nov 2017

As we know how Greg and his cousins are related, we know whether the match is paternal or maternal and can assign it to the relevant chromosomes. About 9% of Greg’s DNA is shared among these five cousins.

About 6 million of the 8 million family historians who have tested their DNA have used AncestryDNA for the test. Unfortunately, AncestryDNA does not currently display the information needed by DNA Painter to its users. To know which segments of which chromosomes match, one needs the data analysed through a third party tool such as GedMatch. The owner of the data needs to export their information from AncestryDNA and upload to GedMatch, a free utility.

This 2 minute video takes you through the steps to download your data, create a GedMatch account and upload your data. Here is a useful introductory perspective to GedMatch by Jim Bartlett, a genetic genealogy blogger.

Until AncestryDNA provides the tools to understand shared DNA matches properly, cousins need to make use of third party tools like GedMatch and DNA Painter to analyse their results.

It is very easy to add the information to the DNA Painter tool.

Link to the YouTubeVideo on DNA Painter (40 minutes):

Link to YouTube Video on downloading your data from AncestraDNA and uploading to GedMatch (2 minutes):


For other posts about my DNA research see my index page for my DNA research.

Sources for my family tree


Seaman’s record for John Plowright (1831-1910), one of the many many sources I have used in compiling my family tree and associated family history.

Randy Seaver asks in his Saturday Night genealogy Fun post this week “What Source Have You Used the Most?”

The mission:
1) Have you done a good job of citing your sources in your genealogy management program or online family tree? How are you doing? How many source citations do you have, and how many people are in your tree? What is the sources to persons ratio?

2) Which master source (e.g., 1900 U.S. census, Find A Grave, specific book, etc.) do you have the most citations for? How many? How did you figure this out?

My main tree is kept on, synchronised to Family Tree Maker 2017.

The summary statistics for my tree on are:

  • People 7484
  • Photos 1581
  • Stories 192
  • Records 9373

Family Tree Maker also has 7,484 people covering 23 generations. The youngest person is my husband’s great nephew born May 2016. The oldest forebears are William Mainwaring who died 1341 and his wife Mary Davenport, my 19th great grandparents.
There are:

  • 2,219 marriages
  • 1,532 surnames
  • 33,136 facts
  • 4,664 places (but I know there are duplicate place names and I need to work on cleaning these up)
  • 839 different sources used
  • 14,293 citations
  • 5,302 media

The discrepancy between and Family Tree Maker in trying to reconcile records and sources can be accounted by  not all records have media, and the same record can be cited for several people, for example a marriage record might mention husband, wife, and fathers of both bride and groom thus one record might be be a citation for 4 people; similarly one census record could be cited for many members of a family in the same household on census night.

Under the Publish menu in Family Tree Maker there is a Source Usage Report. The report runs to 1,487 pages at present. One source can be cited for several facts and this report lists all the facts covered by the citation.

Family Tree Maker can also produce a report of undocumented facts. For my extended family this report is 416 pages long. The report of documented facts is 3,282 pages long. There is room for improvement.

At present I have 14,293 citations : 7,484 persons or 1.9 citations per person. Of all facts there are approximately 3,700 pages of which 416 pages are not documented or 11%.

I was unable to identify a quick and effective way to answer Randy’s question as to which source have I used the most. Under the Sources menu in Family Tree Maker I could have a look at source groups and for each group see how often it had been cited. I found that Australian births were cited 744 times and the 1861 English census was cited 374 times but was unable to export the data and be systematic in my review.

I know my sources need to be cleaned up and reviewed, there is plenty of room for improvement. I also find when revisiting my sources that I often learn something new by reviewing the detail within the record.

Portraits of Daniel Michael Paul Cudmore and his wife Mary in the Art Gallery of South Australia

In 1938 Collier Cudmore (1885-1971) gave portraits of his grandparents to the Art Gallery of South Australia.

The portraits were painted by Andrew MacCormac born County Down, Ireland in 1826 and died in Adelaide in 1918.

DMP Cudmore AGSA

Daniel Michael Paul Cudmore (1811-1891) : portrait in the collection of the Art Gallery of South Australia

Mary Cudmore nee Nihill AGSA

Mary Cudmore née Nihill (1811-1893): portrait in the collection of the Art Gallery of South Australia

Daniel and Mary Cudmore were my third great grandparents. Collier Cudmore was my 1st cousin three times removed, that is he was the first cousin of my great grandfather Arthur Murray Cudmore.

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